Standard Poodle Diseases

Standard Poodles as a breed are genetically predisposed to a number of diseases though notStandard Poodle Diseases as many as many other breeds such as Golden Retrievers. Some diseases appear to be inherited but actual genetic coding has not been definitively identified.  Most pure breed dogs are bred rather closely to near relatives. This process results in offspring that have both the best and the worst characteristics. The puppies are often conformationally superior but any inherited traits are also increased in what is called “line breeding”. Some Standard Poodle diseases puppies are born with and are called congenital and other inherited diseases the dogs develop with time are called acquired; both can be inherited traits.

Orthopedic: (diseases of bones and joints)

1)      Hip Dysplasia

  • Malformation and degeneration of the coxofemoral joints (hip joints), leading to osteoarthritis over time.

Neoplastic: (Cancer)

1)      Histiocytoma

  • A benign skin tumor, usually on the head, ears or limbs, can be small and firm, sometimes the surface is ulcerated.

2)      Hemangiosarcoma

  • A proliferation of the vascular endothelium (cells that line the inside of blood vessels) – usually appears in the spleen or liver, but can be seen in the heart, skin or bone.

3)      Insulinoma

  • A condition the pancreas produces excessive amounts of insulin as a result of a tumor of theStandard Poodle Puppies and Diseases cells in the pancreas that produce insulin (islet cells).

Dermatological: (diseases of the skin)

1)      Sebaceous adenitis

  • Inflammation of the sebaceous glands in the skin, resulting in dry, scaly skin with areas of hair loss.

Cardiac: (Diseases of the heart)

1)      Dilated cardiomyopathy

  • An acquired condition that is very common as Doberman Pinchers age. The heart muscle progressively looses its ability to contract eventually resulting in heart failure

Endocrine: ( hormones)

2)      Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease)

  • A gradual loss of the outer layer of the adrenal glands, resulting in a decrease in glucocorticoid hormones and mineralocorticoid hormones, causing serious illness.

3)      Primary hypoparathyroidism

  • A deficiency in parathyroid hormone, resulting in a decrease in levels of calcium in the blood stream.

Ocular: (Diseases of the eye)

1)      Cataracts

  • Opacification of the lens of the eye which can lead to eventual blindness.

2)      Glaucoma

  • An increase in the pressure within the eye which can lead to eventual blindness.

Immune Mediated / Hematological Disease: (Diseases of the immune system and Diseases of the blood and blood forming organs)

1)      Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia

  • Destruction of red blood cells within the body, due to a type II hypersensitivity, resulting in multisystemic effects.

2)      Von Willebrand’s disease

  • A bleeding disorder, caused by a lack of Von Willebrand factor, resulting in abnormal platelet function and increased bleeding potential.

Gastrointestinal: (Diseases of the Stomach and intestines)

1)      Gastric dilatation / volvulus

  • A condition where the stomach expands with air and then twists upon itself, eventually leading to decreased blood flow, shock, hypoxia and eventual death.  Common in deep chested dogs.

Neurological: (Diseases of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves)

1)      Idiopathic epilepsy

  1. Seizures, generally in younger animals, where a cause cannot be found.
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Dr Roger Johnson

Roger K. Johnson, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (internal medicine) is a board- certified veterinary internal medicine specialist. His professional interests include cardiology as well as using advanced diagnostics to help his patients. His particular favorites include echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and endoscopy.

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