Congenital Heart Disease in Cats- Causes and Treatment

Causes of Congenital Heart Disease in Cats

Congenital heart disease is rare in cats. At this time, no breeds have been scientifically proven toCongenital Heart Disease in Cats- Causes and Treatment be predisposed to any specific congenital heart disease. That said, there is evidence of specific breed predilections to acquired heart disease. These breeds tend to be the “short-nosed breeds” including Persians.

Treatments of Congenital Heart Disease in Cats

Therapy for congenital heart disease in cats is very similar to dogs. Balloon valvuloplasty and transcatheter occlusion are used in cats with pulmonic stenosis and PDA respectively. These techniques are not used very often given the general scarcity of congenital heart disease in cats. Mainstays of therapy include medical management with the following oral medications.

Furosemide (lasix) – This drug works by eliminating fluid through the kidneys. Unfortunately, this drug can damage the kidneys when used chronically.

Enalapril – This drug works by preventing the kidneys from retaining fluid. In addition it serves to dilate the arteries thereby lessening the work that the failing heart has to overcome. This drug is also effective at preventing protein loss in through the kidneys.

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Dr Roger Johnson and Dr Kyle Marano

Roger K. Johnson, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (internal medicine) is a board-certified veterinary internal medicine specialist. His professional interests include cardiology as well as using advanced diagnostics to help his patients. His particular favorites include echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and endoscopy. Kyle Marano, DVM is a small animal veterinarian practicing out of Northern Colorado. He has written pieces ranging from sports commentary and analysis to quips on the every day life of veterinary medicine. His furry family includes a chocolate lab mix and an overly nosy cat.

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