Leukemia Virus in Cats

Leukemia virus in cats (FeLV) is a retrovirus that was first discovered in 1964 in a cat with leukemia.  The virus is associated with a number of different types of illnesses in addition to cancer, including anemia and immunodeficiency.  Although it is called the feline … [Read more...]

Constipation in Cats

Constipation in cats occurs occasionally and is characterized by large, dry feces that are difficult for the cat to pass. Sedentary, overweight cats with diets low in fiber are particularly prone (predisposed) to constipation. Any condition resulting in dehydration can dry … [Read more...]

Hot Spots in Dogs

Hot spots, also known as acute moist dermatitis or moist pyoderma, are a common skin problem seen in dogs. Hot spots in dogs appear when a dog chews, licks or scratches at an area of skin. The hair is quickly removed and a red, moist, often painful area of skin appears. Hot … [Read more...]

Surgical treatment of mast cell tumors in dogs

Surgical Treatment of Grade I and II Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs Surgery is the treatment of choice for mast cell tumors in dogs.  Most dogs with single grade I mast cell tumors (>90%) and grade II mast cell tumors (approximately 75%) have long survival times after complete … [Read more...]

Signs of Diabetes in Cats

Cats can develop diabetes similar to people. The signs of diabetes in cats can be similar to those in people.  Diabetes is a condition of insufficient amount of insulin being produced by the body.  This causes the blood sugar level to become too high which is unhealthy.  … [Read more...]

Arthritis in Dogs and Cats: Diagnosis

The most important tools for diagnosing arthritis in dogs and cats (including osteoarthritis, or OA)are a detailed client history and a thorough physical examination by your veterinarian. It is helpful to know when clinical signs (symptoms) first developed, how quickly they … [Read more...]

Arthritis in Dogs and Cats

It is helpful to think of a joint not just as a mechanical location, but as an active organ system. Your pet’s joints contain living tissues which require nutrients, modify in response to demands, attempt repair of injury, and fall victim to infection or chronic … [Read more...]

Heart Disease in Dogs: Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common heart disease that affects your pet’s health.  DCM is a blanket term for any dilation noted in the heart chambers (ventricles or atria). To better understand DCM, one must visualize what is actually happening to the heart.  This image … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Prognosis

A helpful tool in treating pets with cancer is to identify factors that help establish which group of pets with a particular type of cancer are likely to do better or worse with treatment.  Prognostic factors are features of a tumor that have been shown to predict outcome of … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Role of C-Kit Receptor

All mast cells require a certain tyrosine kinase receptor called c-kit, which is a protein on the membrane of the cell, to survive.  Another name for c-kit is stem cell factor (SCF) receptor.   SCF is a growth factor for blood cells and therefore stimulates production of … [Read more...]