Feline Leukemia Treatment

Giving a cat medicine

A cat that is infected with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) should not necessarily be euthanized.  There are some options that pet owners can consider for feline leukemia treatment. They develop the same diseases that affect non-infected cats and can respond favorably to … [Read more...]

Feline Leukemia Vaccine

vaccinating a cat

Keeping cats confined indoors in a feline leukemia virus (FeLV) free household is the simplest form of protection against FeLV infection.  For cats allowed to wander outside, the feline leukemia vaccine (FeLV) provides the best means of protection, however they are not 100% … [Read more...]

Feline Lymphoma: Causes

kitten

Feline lymphoma is one of the most common forms of cancer in cats and presents in many different forms, but all involve a common cell type from a lymphocyte, which is a type of white blood cell.  These cells are typically found in lymphoid tissues, such as lymph nodes, … [Read more...]

Feline Leukemia Testing

cat and kitten

Susceptibility to feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection is highest in young kittens.  Although the risk of infection is reported in cats of all ages, the rate of infection declines steadily as cats age.  The first vaccine for FeLV was produced in 1985, but there appeared to … [Read more...]

Leukemia Virus in Cats

cat

Leukemia virus in cats (FeLV) is a retrovirus that was first discovered in 1964 in a cat with leukemia.  The virus is associated with a number of different types of illnesses in addition to cancer, including anemia and immunodeficiency.  Although it is called the feline … [Read more...]

Surgical treatment of mast cell tumors in dogs

Cute Scruffy Dog

Surgical Treatment of Grade I and II Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs Surgery is the treatment of choice for mast cell tumors in dogs.  Most dogs with single grade I mast cell tumors (>90%) and grade II mast cell tumors (approximately 75%) have long survival times after complete … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Prognosis

sweet dog

A helpful tool in treating pets with cancer is to identify factors that help establish which group of pets with a particular type of cancer are likely to do better or worse with treatment.  Prognostic factors are features of a tumor that have been shown to predict outcome of … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Role of C-Kit Receptor

beagle

All mast cells require a certain tyrosine kinase receptor called c-kit, which is a protein on the membrane of the cell, to survive.  Another name for c-kit is stem cell factor (SCF) receptor.   SCF is a growth factor for blood cells and therefore stimulates production of … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Use of Anti-Histamines

cute dog

A veterinarian may recommend treatment with antihistamines for dogs with mast cell tumors.  Mast cells contain many types of substances that have different functions within the body, one of them being histamine.  The use of anti-histamines is recommended to prevent side … [Read more...]

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs: Staging

golden retriever

Staging of cancer is a process of determining where that cancer exists in the patient.  That process results in a determination of the stage of a cancer, which is a description of the extent of cancer involvement in the patient.  It is an essential part of pretreatment … [Read more...]